Although many working in the building industry are aware of the definition of waterproofing materials, what types of waterproofness materials, many people are unsure of precisely which substance should be applied where. Construction surfaces of all types are made more durable by waterproofing materials, one of the most crucial components of a building project.
In our article, we will provide an explanation of what types of waterproofness materials are as well as a list of the applications for each of these materials.
- What is Waterproofing?
- What are Waterproofing Materials?
- Waterproofing Materials’ Effect on Building Durability
- What types of waterproofness materials?
- The bottom line
What is Waterproofing?
It is vital to define waterproofing before describing what types of waterproofness materials are. Making an item or structure watertight or water resistant is the process of waterproofing. This procedure prevents water from penetrating the insulated surface or structure.
Waterproofing in buildings produces a barrier to stop water from passing through surfaces that have high water contact, like foundations, roofs, and walls. Building surfaces are fortified and waterproofed as a result of waterproofing. In a nutshell, waterproofing is a preventative technique that renders a surface impervious to water and stops liquids from penetrating unfavorable surfaces due to external factors such hydrostatic pressure and capillarity.
What are Waterproofing Materials?
With the wide variety of products available on the market, the issue of what types of waterproofness materials can be answered. These products each have several applications. If the proper kind of waterproofing material is not used to cover the surfaces, issues will arise that will lessen the structure’s longevity as well as the comfort of the living areas. Applying the proper insulating material to surfaces that come into direct touch with water is crucial for this reason.
Waterproofing Materials’ Effect on Building Durability
We must comprehend the cause of this necessity in order to provide a wholesome response to the topic of why waterproofing materials are required. If the right protections are not followed, every structure will experience durability problems. In this way, the durability of the building is impacted by environmental elements including air, water, climate, wind, and humidity.
A structure may have issues like deterioration or damage to many different surfaces, from the foundation to the exterior, if it is not secured from external liquids.
A method called waterproofing is intended to keep liquids out of a structure. During construction, comprehensive waterproofing measures are frequently incorporated to the building to offer moisture control, and waterproofing materials are placed after the structure is constructed to address any potential issues.
At the same time, waterproofing lowers internal humidity, improves indoor comfort, and guards against moisture and water vapor harm to inside objects.
What types of waterproofness materials?
1. Waterproofing Materials Based on Cement
The simplest waterproofing technique used in construction projects is cement-based waterproofing. By combining cement-based waterproofing materials, it is simple to apply.
This technique is typically applied in interior construction spaces with high water contact, such toilets and bathrooms.
This technique is typically utilized in humid environments with heavy water contact, such as terraces, baths, and basements, as well as in spaces exposed to high pressure, such as pools and water tanks. Since it is utilized in places like restrooms and toilets, where it is not exposed to sunlight and other environmental factors, cement-based waterproofing typically possesses full or semi-resilience.
2. Materials for Liquid Waterproofing Membranes
Liquid waterproofing products are another widely used waterproofing technique. The liquid waterproofing membrane method uses a thin covering that is often placed in two coats with a priming coat between them using a trowel, roller, or sprayer. Compared to cement-based waterproofing systems, it provides more flexibility. It is now utilized more frequently as a result.
The type of polymer the manufacturer employs to create liquid waterproofing determines how long the waterproofing coating will last. The spray-applied liquid membrane made of polymer-modified asphalt may be used to create the liquid waterproofing membrane. Diverse producers also offer distinct grades of acrylic, hybrid, or polyurethane liquid membranes for trowel, roller, or spray.
Due to its outstanding defense against water and moisture, Bitumen-SBS Rubber Based, Elastomeric Liquid Membrane – BLM 117 earns a spot on the shelves as a dependable option.
3. Materials for Liquid Bituminous Membranes Waterproofing
According to its formulation and level of polymerization, liquid bituminous coating is a type of coating used for waterproofing and flexible protective coating. The quality of the polymer grade and the fiber from which it is made might have an impact on the product’s flexibility and water resistance.
Asphalt pavement is another name for liquid bituminous pavement. Areas beneath the screed are where liquid coatings are most frequently used. On surfaces like concrete foundations, it works particularly well as a waterproofing and protective covering.
On all horizontal and vertical surfaces, liquid bitumen coating is applied. It is produced utilizing bitumen rubber-based components. It is chosen for the isolation of enclosed interior spaces such as bathrooms, kitchens, and toilets as well as for the external insulation of areas like foundations, cellars, and basements.
4. Materials for Membrane Waterproofing
One of the most popular waterproofing options in the construction sector is membrane material. Due to its simplicity of usage and favorable price/performance ratio, this material is also highly favored in applications involving roof insulation. With the use of a torch flame source, membrane waterproofing covers are placed, resulting in excellent surface adhesion. Depending on the purpose, rolls of membranes that shield a building from all liquids are made in a variety of thicknesses and types.
In wet areas such balconies, flowerbeds, garden terraces, retaining and basement walls, sewage treatment facilities, water tanks, ponds, swimming and ornamental pools, kitchens, bathrooms, and WCs, it is utilized underneath the coating. Because it is produced to be resistant to plant roots, it is also employed in soil-contact areas like gardens and terraces. As a result, it is applied to the garden and terrace roofs of structures that are in direct touch with the ground.
5. Liquid Membrane Waterproofing Materials Made of Polyurethane
The flat roof area is waterproofed using a polyurethane liquid membrane, which also insulates the roof from the elements. Liquid polyurethane membranes that are extremely flexible are made to resist outside influences.
Polyurethane membranes must be applied with the knowledge that they are moisture-sensitive. To avoid the membranes peeling or becoming loose, it is essential to measure the moisture level of the concrete slab prior to application.
The optimum living spaces are created by the Polyurethane – Bitumen based, Two Component, Liquid Waterproofing Material – PU-B 2K. It offers the most precise waterproofing necessary on outside surfaces like balconies, terraces, and roofs.
In order to address the topic of what types of waterproofness materials, we have concluded our article by outlining the best building materials. You can simply find solutions that improve the sturdiness and comfort of your buildings by speaking with a construction chemicals professional about your insulation needs in your projects.